Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia can be contracted through sexual contact and generally shows no symptoms.
Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is transmitted through sexual contact and most commonly causes a yellowish discharge in men and is asymptomatic in women.
Trichomoniasis is caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis and is transmitted through sexual contact. Trichomoniasis is often responsible for a green or frothy discharge in men and women.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a blood-borne virus that can be passed on through unprotected anal or vaginal sex and sharing HIV contaminated syringes. HIV attacks immune cells and can develop into AIDs in the later stages.
Syphilis is a chronic bacterial infection by the bacterium Treponema Pallidum. Syphilis is transmitted through sexual contact. If left undiagnosed and untreated, syphilis can eventually cause damage to the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints.
Hepatitis B is a blood-borne virus caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis can be an acute or chronic illness, if left untreated, the virus can cause serious liver damage such as cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver failure and liver cancer. If the infection becomes chronic, lasting over six months, it can be fatal.